From today the 4th to 6th December 2020, citizens have started classifying their households into the revised Ubudehe categories across all the 14,837 of the country. This follows the resolution of the Cabinet meeting dated 16th June 2020.
The classification of households into Ubudehe catgories comes in to close up a long but due consultation process which was launched in February 2019, and was charaterized by consultative meetings at different levels including Citizen Asseblies at Village and/or Cell levels, some Government institutions, Civil Society Organizations, Faith Based Organizarions and the media.
The classification of households into Ubudehe categories is a citizen participatory process which reflects their economic life standing and their welfare status in a bid to help the Government get basic indicators and information to use in the planning process and across the implementation of various social protection and local economic development programmes. In this regard, while speaking to Radio Rwanda, Mrs NYIRARUKUNDO Ignatienne, Minister of State in charge of Social Affairs, says that: “The expected results from the classification of Rwandan households include informing the country’s planning process, to reveal the the life standing of households in terms of both economy and welfare, and to expose required interventions to upggrade household economy and welfare. The benefit of Rwandans from this process lies into the associated support through the implementation a number of social protection programmes including Girinka, VUP components of Direct Support, Public Works, Financial Services, etc. which really contributed to the graduation of households from poverty”.
Different consultations made revealed that most Rwandans wish to set up five Ubudehe categories, which have been named A, B, C, D & E. These are described as follows:
Category A: This means the category of well off people (Abakire). These are households with whereby Household head or spouse with ability to make diverse life choices from their source/s of income.
Category B: This category is made of are self-reliant households (Abifashije), whereby household head or spouse have source/s of income and can afford household needs for all household members.
Catergory C: This is the category of poor households (Abakene), that is households with labour capacity but have limited assets to sustain their livelihoods.
Category D:This category comprises extreme poor households; this means households who have limited labour capacity and no assets and business to sustain their livelihoods.
Category E: This is a special category which comprises households with no labour capacity due to age, severe disability or having chronic illness with no other source of income
As per the instructions signed by the Minister of Local Government related to the Ubudehe categorization process, the classification of households into new Ubudehe categories is implemented by citizens themselves. Prior to this activity, there should be collected basic information on each household and its members across each Village or each Isibo ( a set of 15-20 households). This exercise has been made possible thanks to the partneship and collaboration of Rwanda Youth Volunteers in Community Policying (RYVCP).
The Citizen Assebly, chaired by the Village Cordinator, is the ultimate organ endowed with capacity to classify households into Ubudehe categories. The Village Cordinator , supported by a youth volunteer who works as “Enumerator”, explains to citizens the design and charateristics of the new Ubudehe categories. The classification process is made in reference to household information in terms of welfare. The Village Cordinator invites each household before the assembly, one by one, and the latter determines the category it belongs to in accordance with its welfare status.
The Ubudehe categorization process is led by the Ministy of Local Government (MINALOC) and implemented through the Local Administrative Entitities Development Agency (LODA), in partnership with Local Government adminitration, Non Government Organizations (NGOs), Civil society Organizations (CSOs) and the media.